The human body has many complex systems and one of the most complex systems is the Nervous system of your body. As the name indicates it is concerned with nerves and nerve response. Like other body organs and systems, this system may also suffer from any medical condition. To understand its complexity, first, let’s discuss the actual meaning of the nervous system.
The nervous system is divided into two parts: the central and peripheral nervous systems. The central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord. And the peripheral nervous system (PNS) consists of parts of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord. It includes the cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and their roots and branches, peripheral nerves, and neuromuscular junctions.
The main function of the PNS is to connect the CNS to the limbs and organs, primarily serving as a way of communication between the brain and spinal cord and the rest of the body.
What is Neurology?
Neurology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system.
What is a Neurologist?
Neurologists are the health specialists who diagnose and treat diseases of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and muscles.
Many symptoms of neurological disorders are similar and mild that people usually ignore. But these disorders become serious if left untreated. Here are 5 major disorders of neurological origin that should be addressed by the neurologist.
Parkinson’s disease is a brain disorder that leads to shaking, stiffness, and difficulty with walking, balance, and coordination. Its symptoms usually begin gradually and worsen with time.
- Tremor (trembling) in hands, arms, legs, jaw, or head
- Stiffness of the limbs and trunk
- Slowness of movement
- Impaired balance and coordination
- Difficulty in chewing, swallowing, speaking
- Urinary problems
- Sleep disruptions
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder of the central nervous system in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness. It is a chronic disorder that causes unprovoked, recurrent seizures.
- Temporary confusion.
- A staring spell blankly in space
- uncontrollable jerking and shaking called a “fit”
- Loss of consciousness or collapsing
- Psychic symptoms such as fear, anxiety, or deja vu.
- becoming stiff
- strange sensations, such as a “rising” feeling in the tummy, unusual smells or tastes, and a tingling feeling in your arms or legs
Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that slowly worsens memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. This loss of memory is known as dementia.
- Increased memory loss
- State of confusion
- Inability to learn new things
- Difficulty with language and problems with reading, writing and working with numbers
- Difficulty with thoughts and thinking logically
- Shortened attention span
- Problems managing new situations
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).
In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes a problem in communication between your brain and the rest of your body. In the end, the disease can cause permanent damage or deterioration of the nerves.
- Numbness or weakness in one or more limbs that typically occurs on one side of your body at a time, or your legs and trunk
- Electric-shock sensations that occur with certain neck movements, especially bending the neck forward (Lhermitte sign)
- Tremor and lack of coordination
- Partial or complete loss of vision, usually in one eye at a time, often with pain during eye movement
- Prolonged double vision
- Blurry vision
- Slurred speech
- Tingling or pain in parts of your body
- Problems with sexual, bowel, and bladder function
Headaches like migraine:
Headaches may be caused by different factors like neck, eye, brain, jaw, or teeth issues.
Cluster headaches are a series of short but severe headaches every day for weeks or months at a time. You may suffer from them at the same time each year, such as in the spring or fall.
Migraine is a neurological condition that can cause many different symptoms. It’s frequently characterized by intense, debilitating headaches. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, difficulty speaking, numbness, and sensitivity to light and sound.
- Throbbing or pulsating pain at one side of the head
- Difficulty in vision
- Tingling sensation
- Sensitivity to light and sound
These are some of the most common and serious conditions among neurological disorders. If you have any symptoms of the above-mentioned diseases, you should immediately take an appointment with the best neurologist in your city. You can consult the best Neurologist in Karachi through Marham.