Kidney cancer is one of the 10 most common cancers in men and women. The kidneys help to balance fluids, salt and other minerals in the body. It also helps in maintaining blood pressure in the body. In kidney cancer, the kidney cells become cancerous with uncontrollable growth and form a cancer tumor. Generally, people over age 60 have a higher rate of getting kidney cancer.
Symptoms of kidney cancer
In most cases, the patient may not have any symptoms of kidney cancer, but as cancer tumor grows inside the kidney then symptoms may arise.
According to one of the best Oncologist in India Dr. Sandeep Nayak, Patients may have one or more of these kidney cancer symptoms, which are as follows:
- Bleeding while urinating
- Loss of appetite & sudden weight loss
- Pain in back and abdomen
- Weakness and tiredness
- Anemia and fatigue
- Intermittent fever
- Swelling of your ankles and legs
Sometimes, the doctors may want to have some tests and physical exam to find out what is the real cause of your symptoms.
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Kidney biopsy
- Imaging tests (ultrasound, CT, MRI)
Prevention for kidney cancer
There are no scientifically proven ways to prevent kidney cancer fully, but you can lower the risk by following elements:
- Quit passive as well as active smoking
- Maintain proper blood pressure
- Keep your weight at a manageable level.
- Try to include fruits and vegetables in your regular diet.
Stages of kidney cancer
The stage of kidney cancer helps the doctor to determine which treatment is suitable in that particular stage. There are four main stages of kidney cancer.
Stage 1 – In stage 1 kidney cancer, the tumor size is less than 7 cm. It has not spread to anywhere outside the kidney. The preferred treatment for stage 1 kidney cancer is surgery. This stage of cancer is most likely to be cured by the surgery.
Stage 2 – In stage 2, the cancer tumor is larger than 7 cm and it is still not spread outside of the kidney. The preferable treatment option for stage 2 kidney cancer is surgery.
Stage 3 – In the 3rd stage of kidney cancer, the cancer tumor has spread outside the kidney, but it has not spread to nearby organs. It may have spread to a blood vessel of the kidney or the lymph nodes. To cure the 3rd stage kidney cancer combination of different treatments is used. The treatments used for this stage include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery.
Stage 4 – Stage 4 kidney cancer has spread outside the kidney. It may have spread to the abdominal cavity, adrenal glands, distant lymph nodes or any other organs like liver, lungs or bones. The targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are some of the treatments used to treat 4th stage kidney cancer.
Early-stage kidney cancer tumors can be treated by traditional open surgery or by Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy (Laparoscopy). Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy is a minimally invasive surgical technique for treating kidney cancer. Laparoscopy is one of the scientifically advanced treatments for kidney cancer. Surgery is the curative option for early-stage kidney cancer.
The merits of laparoscopy cancer surgery include:
- You will get smaller scars and very little pain during the surgery.
- Shorter stay at the hospital and you can get back to regular day to day activities quickly.
- You may have fewer complications during the surgery and there is also less scope for the post-surgery infection.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak is specialized in laparoscopy as well as robotic cancer surgery. Dr. Sandeep Nayak has exceptional surgical skills in treating different types of cancer. He is a pioneer of minimally invasive cancer surgeries (Laparoscopy and Robotic surgery) in India. He has performed more than 100 laparoscopic cancer surgeries successfully. Dr. Sandeep Nayak considered a few among the best oncologist in India. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy has many advantages over conventional open surgery. Dr. Sandeep Nayak’s areas of proficiency are genitourinary tract cancers, head and neck tumors, digestive tract cancers, urinary tract cancers, and gynecologic cancer.
Laparoscopy surgeon requires a high level of expertise in handling all the special equipment. The expertise and skills are achieved from extensive knowledge and years of experience. Dr. Sandeep Nayak has gained these qualities with immense knowledge and hard work giving higher success rates in surgical oncology.
Name- Tejasvi Ghag
Current Affiliation – Health and Medical Blogger.
I keep on writing health related topics and publish it.
Date of birth– 14th March 1997
Email – [email protected]