Termites, often referred to as the “silent destroyers,” are fascinating insects that have evolved over millions of years to thrive in diverse environments across the globe. Read on to learn what termites look like, delving into the details of their physical characteristics and anatomy.
What Do Termites Look Like?
Termites vary in appearance depending on their caste within the colony. A typical termite colony consists of three primary castes: workers, soldiers, and reproductive individuals (kings and queens). Here’s a brief description of each:
1. Workers: Workers are the most numerous members of a termite colony. They are small, pale, soft-bodied insects, usually measuring around 1/4 to 3/8 inch long. They have a creamy or translucent color and appear almost ant-like in their general shape. Workers are responsible for foraging, building and maintaining the nest, and caring for the young and other colony members.
2. Soldiers: Soldiers have a distinct appearance, featuring larger heads and mandibles (jaws) than workers. They are responsible for defending the colony against potential threats, such as ants. Their size is similar to that of workers, and they also have pale and soft bodies but with more robust and elongated heads.
3. Kings and Queens: These are the reproductive individuals of the colony. The king and queen are the largest termites, usually measuring around 1/2 to 1 inch in length. They have dark brown to black bodies with two pairs of wings that are much longer than their body length. After a nuptial flight, during which they mate, the wings of the kings and queens are shed, and they establish a new colony together as the primary reproductive pair.
What Does a Termite Look Like With Wings?
A termite with wings is often referred to as a “swarmer” or “alate.” As mentioned above, these winged termites are the reproductive individuals of the colony, responsible for starting new colonies and expanding the termite population. When it’s time for the alates to mate and establish new colonies, they engage in a nuptial flight.
One of the key characteristics of winged termites is their two pairs of long, transparent wings. The front wings are longer than the hind wings and are used for nuptial flight. When at rest, the wings extend beyond the length of their body.
What Does a Termite Nest Look Like?
A termite nest, also known as a termite mound or termite hill, can vary significantly in appearance depending on the species of termite and the environment in which it is built. Different termite species construct different types of nests, and they can range from small, inconspicuous structures to large and impressive mounds. Here are some common types:
- Subterranean Nests: These are the most common type of termite nests and are built underground. Subterranean termites create intricate networks of tunnels and chambers that allow them to forage for food and maintain a controlled environment. These nests are often not visible from the surface and can be difficult to detect without professional equipment.
- Arboreal Nests: Some termite species build nests in trees or above-ground structures. These arboreal nests can be constructed using a combination of soil, wood, saliva, and fecal matter. They are often attached to branches, tree trunks, or even the sides of buildings.
- Epigeal Mounds: Epigeal mounds are termite nests built above the ground and more visible. These mounds are constructed by species like “mound-building termites.” They are made of soil, chewed wood, saliva, and feces. Epigeal mounds can vary in size, ranging from a few inches to several feet in height, depending on the termite species and the age of the colony.
- Nasutiform Nests: Nasutiform nests are unique structures built by some termite species, characterized by their distinct shape resembling a pitcher or vase. These nests are built on the ground surface, and the termite workers use their heads (nasus) to protect the colony’s entrance.
- Carton Nests: Carton nests are typically constructed by subterranean termites and are made of a mixture of soil, chewed wood, and termite saliva. These nests are often found inside a building’s wall voids, attics, or other concealed spaces.
Getting Rid of Termites
If you’re seeing termites on your property, it’s important to act fast. Termites can cause hundreds of dollars worth of damage and multiply quickly. DIY methods of termite control don’t always work, so it’s important to call a professional termite control company. If you’re in Orange County, California, call our Anaheim termite exterminators today to schedule an inspection.