What is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)? Causes – Signs – How to treat – How to prevent

Useful information about pelvic inflammatory disease

The pelvic inflammatory disease is a common gynecological disease among women in women of childbearing age. To know more useful and necessary information about the condition, you should read the post carefully.

  1.    What is pelvic inflammatory disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) also called genitals. This is a reproductive organ of a woman including the uterus, cervix, ovary or fallopian tubes. Sexually transmitted bacteria cause this disease. Infections tend to spread most easily during menstruation. Pelvic inflammation can cause scarring of the fallopian tubes and ovaries which are made pregnancy more difficult or lead to an ectopic pregnancy.

  1. Causes of pelvic inflammatory disease

Risk factors for the pelvic inflammatory disease include women of childbearing age, early sexual relations and multiple sexual partners and previous history of recurrent cervical mucus infection many times. Besides, abortion procedures, vaginal procedures, and cervix also facilitate the development of the disease. Furthermore, in some cases, the cause of the disease is sexually transmitted bacteria such as Neisseria gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis.

However, in rare cases, the cause may be due to other viral species present in the vagina such as Gardnerella vaginalis, Haemophilus influenza, mycoplasma hominis, ureaplasma urealyticum Group A streptococci, Pneumococci and other intestinal pathogens intestine.

  1. What factors increase the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease?

There are a lot of factors to improve the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease including

Having had sex since a very young age;

Having sex with someone who has gonorrhea or is infected with chlamydia

Unprotected sex with many different people

Have had sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the past

IUD

Vaginal douching often

Furthermore, there are no risk factors, and it does not mean you can not get sick. The above signs are for reference only. You should consult a specialist for more information.

  1. Signs of identification of pelvic inflammatory disease

Depending on the cause of the disease, the degree of infection and the body’s resistance to the clinical manifestations of pelvic inflammatory disease vary widely from person to person. The initial symptoms are just a slight feeling of lowering the lower abdomen which is classified as mild. In severe cases, the anthrax pain in the lower abdomen, backache or dull pain, vaginal bleeding more and more severe with change of color white, blue or yellow color. Furthermore, you also have fever signs above 38oC and tired people as well as having the painful feeling when sex. The diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease is based on the following symptoms including lower abdominal pain, cervical pain, and vaginal pain during two additional exams. Besides, if you have blood tests and white blood cells rise above 10,000 mm, it also the sign of the disease.

  1. The progress of the disease

In cases of pelvic inflammatory disease that is not correctly treated or treated in the wrong way which can cause the pelvic abscess. The most common type of abscess in the ovaries but in other cases, the pressure may be in the intestine, large intestine or appendix. The abscess can burst into the abdomen causing peritonitis.

Some cases of the pelvic inflammatory disease have been reported to cause persistent chronic pelvic pain as Neisseria gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis have molecules that bind to the receptors of the epithelial cells. Moreover, the endotoxins damage the bulk of the inner feathers of the fallopian tube which cause sticky fibers that affect the conception of the patient resulting in infertility and complications of ectopic pregnancy later.

  1. How to treat the pelvic inflammatory disease

What medical techniques are used to diagnose pelvic inflammatory disease?

Your doctor will diagnose the condition based on symptoms, pelvic exams, and tests. A blood test helps to check for an infection. Sometimes, the symptoms of PID may be similar to the signs of ectopic pregnancy, so the doctor needs to identify which disease is causing the symptoms. Besides, other screening tests including pelvic ultrasound or CT scans and MRI also help to make the diagnosis more accurate.

How to the treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease

Early treatment is most effective before the infection spreads. Your doctor may prescribe some antibiotics for oral or injection. Some diseases may require hospitalization and antibiotics. If the medicine does not treat pus-filled pockets around the fallopian tubes or ovaries, your doctor may need surgery which is usually endoscopic surgery to drain the pus. Besides, your partner should also be treated if they are infected. You need to take safe sex measures such as wearing a condom to avoid getting infected or infected.

  1. How to prevent pelvic inflammatory disease

The majority of genital infections in general and pelvic inflammatory disease, in particular, is spread through sexual contact depending on many factors such as culture, economy, and society. Therefore, for the prevention of genital tract infections need to pay attention to some of the following measures

Monogamy is the best way to avoid sexually transmitted diseases that lead to pelvic inflammatory disease

Communicate health education and information, especially to young people about the dangers of sexually transmitted diseases.

Raise the foundation of the family, propagate monogamy. This is the best way to prevent sexually transmitted infections.

For suspicious relationships, you should know how to prevent yourself and your contacts. Using condoms is the most effective method.

When using the gynecological wash, you should be adequate, according to the instructions on each bottle of detergents. Furthermore, you should note that you do not douche in the vagina but only wash the vulva area, douching in the vagina. Disturbance of the vaginal environment facilitates the growth of bacteria that cause vaginal infections. When abnormal white blood cells are needed in a specialist setting for proper diagnosis and treatment, you do not place your vagina on your own.

Hope that the post will help you better understand what you need to know about the pelvic inflammatory disease so that you can detect the disease sooner and have a timely treatment.

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